By Cari Wade Gervin
Tuesday, September 8, 2020
In 2015, 1.3% of U.S. adults — around 3 million people — had diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
IBD Is Increasing
- Almost 70,000 new cases of IBD are diagnosed every year.
- Most cases of IBD are diagnosed before patients reach 35.
- As many as 80,000 children in the U.S. have IBD.
IBD, Not IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)
- IBD is a disease; IBS is a group of symptoms.
- IBD causes inflammation; IBS does not.
- IBD can be seen during diagnostic imaging; IBS cannot.
- IBD increases the risk for colon cancer; IBS does not.
Crohn’s Disease VS. Ulcerative Colitis
- Can affect any part of the GI tract
- Can affect the entire bowel wall
- Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss
- Bloody stool is variable
- Only affects the colon and rectum
- Affects the inner lining of the large intestine
- Symptoms include abdominal pain, stool urgency, increased bowel movements
- Bloody stool is common
IBD and Hospitalization
- Between 2003 and 2013, hospitalizations for Crohn’s disease did not increase when it was the primary diagnosis.
- During the same time period, hospitalization rates rose from 44.2 to 59.7 per 100,000 population when Crohn’s was a secondary diagnosis.
- The average hospitalization costs are $11,345 for Crohn’s disease.
- The average hospitalization costs are $13,412 for ulcerative colitis.
IBD and Other Diseases
According to the CDC, people with IBD are more likely to have chronic health conditions, including:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Respiratory disease