Orthopedics

Denosumab for Bone Density Loss: Benefits vs. Risks

For some patients with degenerative bone disorders, the human monoclonal antibody denosumab can reduce BMD loss and the risk for fractures. Ongoing research is revealing the advantages and risks.


Healthier Lifestyles May Help Explain Long-Term Hip Fracture Decline

A new study finds that decreases in two osteoporosis risk factors — smoking and heavy alcohol use — help account for a steady drop in hip fracture rates in the U.S. over 40 years.


Arthroscopic Shoulder Instability Repair: An Orthopedist Details Technical Factors for Success

Successful arthroscopic shoulder instability repair requires a carefully devised surgical plan focused on several technical aspects of the procedure, according to one expert.


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All About Ortho: A New App

Research was just given a convenience update. If you are an orthopedic specialist who regularly checks in with orthobullets.com — a free, online learning and collaborative physician resource — you can now enjoy its key take-home messages using the Orthobullets app....


Bariatric Surgery Study Challenges View That Obesity May Protect Against Fracture

The notion that high BMI is protective against fracture is widely held among researchers and clinicians, but a retrospective study out of Rush University Medical Center offers a more nuanced view, finding that sleeve gastrectomy bariatric surgery significantly reduces the risk of sustaining a fracture in individuals with severe obesity.


Knee Replacement Timing Needs Improvement

Many people are receiving total knee replacements too early or too late, study shows.


The Prevalence and Impact of 3 Degenerative Diseases

Alzheimer’s disease, irritable bowel disease and osteoarthritis place a heavy burden on patients, caregivers and the healthcare system.


Additional Surgical Procedure Linked to Better ACL Reconstruction Outcomes

The lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) procedure, when performed in conjunction with ACL reconstruction, may reduce young athletes’ risk of graft failure and reinjury, according to a recent clinical trial.


Surgery May Be Unnecessary for Certain Humerus Fractures, Study Finds

Surgical and nonsurgical treatments offer similar functional outcomes for elderly patients with two-part proximal humerus fractures, according to a multinational research group.


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Surgery Counteracts Effects of Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Young patients with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) — a subtype of transverse myelitis — regained arm function after undergoing nerve transfer surgery, according to the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS).

Most patients with AFM...